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- Understanding Climate Change
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Arctic Monitoring and Assessment
The mission of the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy is to assess the socioeconomic and biophysical impacts of climate variability in Alaska, make this information available to local and regional decision-makers, and improve the ability of Alaskans to adapt to a changing climate. The site has links to archived webinars.
The Alaska Climate Research Center is a research and service organization at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, focusing on Alaska and polar regions climatology. The website posts archived climatological data for Alaska.
AMCC works with scientists, subsistence harvesters, fishermen, and natural resource managers to understand the effects of warming oceans and ocean acidification.
The Alaska Native Science Commission (ANSC) was established in 1994 to bring together research and science in partnership with the Native community. It serves as a clearinghouse for proposed research, an information base for ongoing and past research, and an archive for significant research involving the Native community.
AOOS represents a network of critical ocean and coastal observations, data, and information products that aid our understanding of the status of Alaska's marine ecosystem and allow stakeholders to make better decisions about their use of the marine environment.
This is the U.S. Geological Survey's webpage about the landscape, natural resources, and natural hazards for Alaska and the nation.
The Alfred Wegener Institute carries out research in the Arctic and Antarctic as well as in the high and mid latitude oceans. The institute coordinates German polar research and makes available to national and international science important infrastructure, e.g. the research ice breaker "Polarstern" and research stations in the Arctic and Antarctic.
Data and information collected through the activities of Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) have been integrated here to allow for easier management and communication.
An international project of the Arctic Council and the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) to evaluate and synthesize knowledge on climate variability, climate change, and increased ultraviolet radiation and their consequences.
The institute's mandate is to advance the study of the North American and circumpolar Arctic through the natural and social sciences, the arts and humanities, and to acquire, preserve, and disseminate information on physical, environmental, and social conditions in the North.
The primary function of AMAP is to advise the governments of the eight Arctic countries (Canada, Denmark/Greenland, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States) on matters relating to threats to the Arctic region from pollution, and associated issues.
ArcticNet is a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada that brings together scientists and managers in the natural, human health and social sciences with their partners from Inuit organizations, northern communities, federal and provincial agencies and the private sector to study the impacts of climate change in the coastal Canadian Arctic.
The Arctic Portal is an endorsed IPY project lead by Iceland's Senior Arctic Official in consultation and cooperation with other members of the Arctic Council and its Working Groups, Permanent Participants, Northern Forum, UArctic, the Arctic Centre at the University of Lapland, the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute of Roshydromet, the International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry, and others.
ARCUS facilitates discussion of important arctic research initiatives, produces science reports with research community recommendations for arctic science priorities, and distributes information resources to the arctic research community.
The BarentsPortal is a combined website consisting of two main elements: presentation of the Joint Norwegian-Russian environmental status report and the Map service.
CIS's mission is to provide the most accurate and timely information about ice in Canada's navigable waters, to promote safe and efficient maritime operations, and to help protect Canada's environment.
The Canadian Polar Commission has responsibility for: monitoring, promoting, and disseminating knowledge of the polar regions; contributing to public awareness of the importance of polar science to Canada; enhancing Canada's international profile as a circumpolar nation; and recommending polar science policy direction to government. This page has been archived, and the Canadian Polar Commission has been replaced with the Polar Knowledge Canada Portal.
This is a 10-year international effort to assess the diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine life.
The focal point at the University of Alaska Fairbanks for developing, coordinating and implementing interdisciplinary research and education related to the role of the Arctic and sub-Arctic in the Earth system, and to stimulate and facilitate global change research in this region.
Conducts research and provide reports, information and expert advice about issues related to global climate change and international climate policy with the aim of acquiring knowledge that can help mitigate the climate problem and enhance international climate cooperation.
ICE was officially opened in March 2009 by Norway's Ministry of the Environment. The research focus of ICE is ice, climate, and ecosystems.
The Climate Change Research Center is a University of New Hampshire institute that studies the chemical and dynamical environment of the Earth's atmosphere using sophisticated observational and modeling tools. Research is focused on understanding the fundamental properties of the atmosphere and how they have been affected by human activities and will continue to be so in the future.
Founded in 2008, the Cooperative Institute for Alaska Research (CIFAR) conducts ecosystem and environmental research related to Alaska and its associated Arctic regions, including the Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea, Chukchi/Beaufort Seas, and Arctic Ocean.
ENRI is based at University of Alaska Anchorage. Current research programs include Ecosystem Studies and Conservation Biology, Earth and Climate Processes, and Human Ecology and Coupled Human-Environment Interactions.
This project funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) and led by the Finnish Meteorological Institute aims at creating a global database of snow parameters for climate research purposes. Read more about the project in this ScienceDaily article. (PDF, 2.35 MB)
ISSE's mission is to improve societal welfare in the context of natural and changing climate and weather. ISSE conducts interdisciplinary research on (1) societal activities related to climate and weather at the individual, economic, and political levels, (2) the consequences of those activities on the atmosphere and the environment, and (3) effective communication of this science to decision makers and managers for coping with weather and climate risks. This page has been archived, and the ISSE has been replaced with the Climate Science Applications Program.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of climate change and its potential environmental and socioeconomic consequences.
The purpose of the IARC data archive is to to improve access to and integrated use of Arctic climate-change data and information, to provide long-term archival storage of Arctic climate-change data and information, and to support decision making.
The International Arctic Science Committee is a nongovernmental organization that aims to encourage, facilitate, and promote multidisciplinary research to foster a greater scientific understanding of the arctic region and its role in the Earth system.
The SciencePoles website provides an overview of polar science and research findings as well as recent and forthcoming developments across a range of scientific disciplines.
Currently, the "global ocean" is in a critical state of health. If it continues to decline, it will reach a point where it can no longer function effectively and our planet will be unable to sustain the ecosystems that support humankind.
The International Study of Arctic Change (ISAC) is an open-ended international research program designed to understand the future state of the Arctic System under anthropogenic stress. The driving force behind ISAC is the need to build understanding, improve capacity for predicting Arctic System changes, and develop necessary mitigation and adaptation strategies to minimize the adverse effects of such changes.
NASA provides data on solar output, sea level rise, atmospheric and ocean temperature, ozone depletion, air pollution, and changes in sea ice and ice sheets.
NCAR is a federally funded research and development center devoted to service, research, and education in the atmospheric and related sciences.
(NEON) will collect data across the United States on the impacts of climate change, land use change, and invasive species on natural resources and biodiversity. NEON will be the first observatory network of its kind designed to detect and enable forecasting of ecological change at continental scales over multiple decades. The data NEON collects will be freely and openly available to all users.
NSIDC supports research into the world's frozen realms: the snow, ice, glaciers, frozen ground, and climate interactions that make up Earth's cryosphere.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is forming a new federal office devoted solely to climate, called the NOAA Climate Service. EarthSky spoke with its interim director, Thomas Karl, on April 12, 2010. Additionally, Ira Flatow, host of NPR's "Science Friday," interviewed NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco on February 12, 2010.
NSSI is an intergovernmental effort to increase collaboration at the local, state, and federal levels to address the research, inventory, and monitoring needs as they relate to development activities on the North Slope of Alaska.
NRF provides an international platform for dialogue between members of the research community and a wide range of stakeholders including researchers, educators, politicians, business leaders, civil servants, community leaders, NGO representatives, and resource users and managers.
OCCI is an institute within Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). The institute supports: interdisciplinary approaches to climate research; application of innovative technology to ocean climate observations; and graduate and postdoctoral fellowships in climate research.
The Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL), headquartered at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Sequim Marine Research Operations on Washington State's Olympic Peninsula, is the Department of Energy's only marine research laboratory. One of MSL's research goals is understanding and mitigating long-term impacts of human activities, including climate change, on marine resources.
The polar regions are changing rapidly, with dramatic global effect. Established in 2010, PIC serves as an open, virtual repository for vital scientific data and information with the goal of fostering innovation, improved scientific understanding, and shared participation in research, education, planning, and management in the polar regions.
A group of investigators conducting interdisciplinary research on the oceanography, climatology, meteorology, biology, and ecology of the ice-covered regions on Earth and elsewhere in the solar system.
Polar View is an earth observation (EO) or satellite remote-sensing program focused on both the Arctic and the Antarctic. Polar View is supported by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Commission with participation from the Canadian Space Agency. It promotes the utilization of satellites for public good and in support of public policy in the areas of sustainable economic development, marine safety, and the environment.
Protecting Life in the Arctic is a campaign led by the Pew Environment Group. It promotes science and community-based conservation of North America's Arctic Ocean and the resulting well-being of indigenous Arctic residents who rely upon its natural wealth.
RUSALCA organizes annual research and exploration cruises in the Arctic, a collaborative effort between Russian and American scientists to document changes in the Arctic Ocean.
The Sea Around Us Project is a scientific collaboration between the University of British Columbia and the Pew Environment Group. The project has mapped the growth and decline of global fishery catches since 1950, and the data gathered in the course of this work allows insights into the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems.
Global data for mean sea level trends available through NOAA's Tides & Currents online newsletter.
The core aim of SEARCH is to understand the recent and ongoing complex of interrelated pan-arctic changes. These changes are affecting ecosystems, living resources, and the human population, and are impacting local and global economic activities. The website includes "Sea Ice Outlook," a report issued regularly during the sea ice season.
The Stockholm Resilience Centre is an international center that advances transdisciplinary research for governance of social-ecological systems with a special emphasis on resilience—the ability to deal with change and continue to develop.
Data collected and developed through the activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora & Fauna (CAFF) and Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) Working Groups of the Arctic Council.
The Arctic Research Policy Act of 1984 established USARC. Its principal duties are to develop and recommend an integrated national Arctic research policy and to assist in establishing a national Arctic research program plan to implement the policy.
This website provides information and resources on the impacts of climate change on Fish and Wildlife Service trust resources and lands in Alaska and the challenges these impacts pose to management of these resources.
The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) coordinates and integrates federal research on changes in the global environment and their implications for society. The resources page of this website has free images, graphs, and photographs that can be used for educational or personal use.
The National Ice Center is a multi-agency operational center operated by the United States Navy, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the United States Coast Guard.
The NCAR Weather and Climate Impact Assessment Science Initiative focuses on critical scientific gaps in the weather and climate arenas that have proved particularly challenging for decision makers and scientists alike: characterizing uncertainty; extreme weather and climate events; and the role of climate in human health.
The two overarching objectives of the WCRP are (1) to determine the predictability of climate, and (2) to determine the effect of human activities on climate.