- Publications and Research
- Climate Change
- Arctic Climate System
- Changing Ecosystems
- Climate Change and Human Health
- Conferences and Symposiums
- News, Analysis, and Opinion
- Northern Communities - Resilience and Adaptation
- Understanding Climate Change
- Witnesses to Change
- Food, Air, and Water
- Traditional Healing
- Governments and Organizations
- Indigenous Groups
- Other Organizations
Water and Sanitation
Climate change and the Water Framework Directive: Cost effectiveness and policy design for water management in the Swedish MÃ¤lar region
I-M Gren. Climatic Change (2010) 100(3-4):463-484. This paper calculates the impacts of climatic change on cost effective nutrient management under the Water Framework Directive (WFD) for the eutrophic Mälar lake and Stockholm archipelago in southeastern Sweden.
B. Evengard et al. Global Health Action (2011) 4:DOI: 10.3402/gha.v4i0.8449. In the Arctic, climate change is having an impact on water availability by melting glaciers, decreasing seasonal rates of precipitation, increasing evapotranspiration, and drying lakes and rivers existing in permafrost grounds. Water quality is also being impacted as manmade pollutants stored in the environment are released, lowland areas are flooded with salty ocean water during storms, turbidity from permafrost-driven thaw and erosion is increased, and the growth or emergence of natural pollutants is increased. (PDF, 233 KB)
Drinking water and potential threats to human health in Nunavik: Adaptation strategies under climate change conditions
D. Martin et al. Arctic (2007) 60(2):195-202. The main goal of this study, which took place in 2003 and 2004, was to evaluate drinking habits that may place Nunavik residents at an increased risk of gastroenteric diseases in the context of climate change. (PDF, 693.5 KB)
EarthSky interview, April 5, 2010. EarthSky spoke with water expert Mark Smith, who heads the Water Programme for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
L. Alessa et al. Global Environmental Change (2008) 18(1):153-164. This paper provides empirical evidence to support existing anecdotal studies regarding the mechanisms by which human communities become vulnerable to rapid changes in freshwater resources on the Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Authors discuss the role of collective knowledge, through the transmission of knowledge from elders to subsequent generations, in aiding the development of a community's ability to note and respond to changes in critical natural resources.
T.P. Barnett et al. Nature (2005) 438:303-309. In a warmer world, less winter precipitation falls as snow and the melting of winter snow occurs earlier in spring. Even without any changes in precipitation intensity, both of these effects lead to a shift in peak river runoff to winter and early spring, away from summer and autumn when demand is highest. Where storage capacities are not sufficient, much of the winter runoff will immediately be lost to the oceans.
Fact sheet published by Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), 2010. Global warming is projected to increase the risk of more frequent and more widespread outbreaks of waterborne illnesses due to higher temperatures and more severe weather events. (PDF 207.2 KB)
Center for Climate and Health Bulletin No. 2, 2009. Blooms of organic material have in the past been observed in the source water lake in Point Hope, but conditions have been extreme over the past two years. If warm temperatures continue, organic blooms will become a reoccurring problem for Point Hope and other communities that depend on tundra lakes for their drinking water supply. (PDF, 1.58 MB)
Fact sheet published by Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), 2010. The proliferation of harmful algal blooms (HABs) is a matter of growing global environmental health concern. These dangerous blooms of tiny microalgae can produce potent toxins that can harm people, pets, and marine life, and contaminate aquatic food chains. (PDF, 925 KB)
Weather, water quality and infectious gastrointestinal illness in two Inuit communities in Nunatsiavut, Canada: Potential implications for climate change
S.L. Harper et al. EcoHealth (2011) 8(1):93-108. This study is the first to systematically gather, analyze, and compare baseline data on weather, water quality, and health in Nunatsiavut, and illustrates the need for high-quality temporal baseline information to allow for detection of future impacts of climate change on regional Inuit human and environmental health.